Besides that obesity reduces social activity and quality of life, it may cause serious risk to human health. Overweight affects almost all systems, functions and vital organs. Therefore, during weight gain, the risk of several diseases increases.
Obesity in men is as dangerous as in women. Herewith, excess weight can cause diseases and conditions in women that cannot occur in men.
One of the most common obesity consequences for the female body is menstrual disorder. In obesity, a key reason for menstrual disorder is that hypothalamus abnormally functions in obese women.
Because of hypothalamic dysfunction, secretion of gonadotropic hormones is disturbed and functions of sexual glands are suppressed. In obese women and girls, as a result of such changes:
• Term of menarche and menopause may change
• Irregular menstruation may occur
• Hypomenorrhea and amenorrhea may develop
• A risk of primary and secondary infertility can be increased
In adult women suffering from obesity, menstrual disorders are diagnosed 6 times more often than in healthy women. Herewith, in obese women the risk of primary infertility is two times higher than in women with normal body weight.
Special attention should be paid to the fact that the chances of pregnancy are not only reduced, but also the risks during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period are increased because of overweight and obesity. Therefore, when planning a pregnancy, obese women need to do everything possible to reduce and to normalize their weight.
Besides menstrual disorders, infertility and pregnancy complications, obesity may promote the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The main reason for PCOS in obesity is a disorder of estrogens and androgens metabolism in fat cells (adipocytes).
To combat obesity and reduce the associated risk factors, women should necessarily use non-drug methods of weight loss, including diet therapy and adequate physical activity. These methods of obesity treatment may be supplemented by:
• Drug therapy (use of RX or OTC diet pills)
• Physiotherapy procedures (massage, reflexology, acupuncture, hydrotherapy)
• Psychotherapy (cognitive behavioral therapy, neuro-linguistic programming)
• Surgery (liposuction, gastric banding)
It should be noted that many women manage to lose weight only by means of diet and regular physical exercise. However, if these methods of dealing with obesity do not provide a significant weight loss, they should be supplemented by one or several alternative ways of losing weight.