Amphetamines were first used as a medicine several centuries ago. One of the first amphetamines that were used in ancient China to cure asthma was ephedrine. This amphetamine was made of Ephedra vulgaris plant.
• In 1887, ephedrine was synthesized in laboratory for the first time. Until 1920, this central nervous system stimulant was used for the treatment of asthma and colds.
• In 1932, a new amphetamine called Benzedrine appeared on the U.S. market. American doctors prescribed this CNS stimulant for treatment of over 30 diseases, such as erectile dysfunction, seasickness and nyctalopia. Benzedrine-based drugs were sold in the USA without prescription.
• Methamphetamine – one of the best-known amphetamines was synthesized in 1919 (in Japan). Methamphetamine was widely used during World War II and Vietnam War. Soldiers were using Methamphetamine to increase their alertness and appetite control.
In the USA, Methamphetamine was approved in December 1943. The drug is still available at retail. Today, Methamphetamine is used within the USA for the treatment of ADHD and obesity. However, just as many decades ago, many American students and truckers abuse on Methamphetamine, using it to remain alert for extended periods of time.
In Australia, Methamphetamine has appeared quite recently. In early 1980’s, some Australian psychiatrists were prescribing Methamphetamines to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, in 1989 this method of PTSD treatment was considered illegal and sale of any Methamphetamine forms was prohibited in Australia.
The USA is one of the few countries, where Methamphetamine is still sold. You may find at the U.S. pharmacies Desoxyn tablets, containing 5mg of this central nervous system stimulant.
Despite the fact that Methamphetamine sales in Australia are banned, another medicine containing amphetamine derivative – Phentermine is available at Australian pharmacies. Just as Methamphetamine, Phentermine can suppress the appetite so people use it for anti-obesity therapy.
In Australia, the CNS stimulant Phentermine has been prescribed to overweight and obese patients since early 1990’s. Oral capsules, containing Phentermine are widely known under proprietary names – Metermine and Duromine. You can buy Duromine and Metermine weight loss capsules by prescription only.